The main aim of this lecture is to introduce the concept of Panipticon, created by the philosopher Jeremy Bentham, a type of institutional building, which allows a watchman to observe occupants without the occupants knowing whether or not they are being watched. As a metaphor, the Panopticon was commandeered in the latter half of the 20th century as a way to trace the surveillance tendencies of disciplinarian societies. The French philosopher Michel Foucault revitalized interest in the Panopticon in his book "Discipline and Punish" (1975). Foucault used the Panopticon as a way to illustrate the proclivity of disciplinary societies subjugate its citizens: the prisoner of a Panopticon as being at the receiving end of asymmetrical surveillance: “He is seen, but he does not see; he is an object of information, never a subject in communication".
In the lecture, the impact of surveillance technologies in terms of urban and domotic Panopticon will be discussed, with particular reference to aged people.